Korea's National Biodiversity Strategy 2019-2023

Vision

VISION

TO PROMOTE THE SUSTAINABLE USE OF
THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE ROK BY
CONSERVING ITS RICH BIODIVERSITY

OBJECTIVE

TO ENSURE THE EQUITABLE SHARING OF
BENEFITS ARISING FROM THE UTILIZATION
OF NATURE WITH ALL PEOPLE
THROUGH THE CONSERVATION AND
PROMOTION OF BIODIVERSITY

  • Strategy 1Mainstreaming biodiversity
    Action plans
    • Raising public awareness
    • Integrating biodiversity values into strategies and plans
    • Expanding positive initiatives
    • Promoting biodiversity-friendly production and consumption
  • Strategy 2Managing threats to biodiversity
    Action plans
    • Mitigating habitat loss
    • Reducing pressures on vulnerable ecosystems
    • Controlling species invasion
    • Reducing pollutants
  • Strategy 3Strengthening biodiversity conservation
    Action plans
    • Improving the coverage and management of protected areas
    • Achieving ecosystem restoration
    • Protecting endangered and endemic species
    • Promoting genetic diversity
  • Strategy 4Benefit-sharing and sustainable use of biodiversity
    Action plans
    • Laying the foundation for ecosystem services
    • Promoting the sustainable use of ecological resources
    • Implementing the Nagoya Protocol
    • Advancing sustainability in agriculture, forestry and fisheries
  • Strategy 5Laying the groundwork for implementation
    Action plans
    • Strengthening international cooperation
    • Preserving and utilizing traditional knowledge
    • Fostering scientific knowledge and advancing policy cooperation


Indicators

Indicators table. Strategy, Indicators, Status (2018) , Target (2023)
Strategy Indicators Status (2018) Target (2023)
Strategy1.
Mainstreaming biodiversity
Level of biodiversity awareness 78.00% 90.00%
Number of metropolitan governments with local biodiversity strategies and action plans (LBSAPs) 9 17
Number of biodiversity programs by private sector organizations No system available to collect data on activities by private sector organizations
  • Develop data collection system (2019)
  • Raise number of programs by 200% from 2019 level (2023)
Number of businesses participating in the BNBP 31 66
Strategy2.
Managing threats to biodiversity
Annual increase/decrease of mountain areas -48㎢ +20㎢
Subalpine regions’ sensitivity to climate change
(Habitat areas for climate change- sensitive Abies koreana)
809㎢ Maintain status quo
(e.g. alternative habitats created)
Number of species on government-designated list of potentially-invasive alien species 155 species 209 species
River water quality as a percentage of target
(Ratio of rivers meeting the water quality target out of 115 sub-basins nationwide)
69.6% 74.8%
Strategy3.
Strengthening biodiversity conservation
Size of protected areas Terrestrial 15.18%
Marine 1.90%
Terrestrial 17% (2021)
Marine 10% (2021)
Entries in the National Species List of Korea 49,027 species 60,000 species
Number of endangered species (animals) being propagated/recovered 40 species 52 species
National rare plants conservation as a percentage of target 84.9%
(483 out of 571 species in total)
95.1%
(543 out of 571 species in total)
Strategy4.
Benefit-sharing and sustainable use of biodiversity
Policy and legislative activities
  • Legislation to enable the measurement and assessment of ecosystem services
  • Restoration policies implemented for individual ecosystems
  • Legislation to enable the promotion of and compensation for ecosystem services
  • Develop comprehensive ecosystem restoration policy
Local eco-tourism revenues (4 model areas) KRW 1.564 billion KRW 1.875 billion
Cases of information sharing through the ABSCH*
(* Access and Benefit-Sharing Clearing-House)
2 10
Share of sustainably grown produce 3.53% 5%
Strategy5. Laying the groundwork for implementation Share of biodiversity-related ODA projects 1.12% 4.10%
Number of data records (both oral and written) accumulated in the NIBR traditional knowledge database 830,000 120,000
Number of biodiversity research projects 60 per year
(average during the third NBSAP period)
85 per year
(average during the fourth NBSAP period)