Korea's National Biodiversity Strategy 2014-2018

Vision, Strategies, and Goals

The value of biodiversity has become newly illuminated as the ultimate resource and solution
for the necessities of human livings such as foods, energies, shelters, medicines, clothes, etc.
The 3rd National Biodiversity Strategy adopts the principles of the conservation and the sustainable
use of biodiversity to achieve the vision of ‘creative economy’. The 3rd National Biodiversity Strategy
proposes 6 priorities for action and 18 goals for 2014- 2018, of which action plans are suggested
for the full implementation.



driven by 6 priorities for action in the conservation and the sustainable use of biodiversity

Conserccatioon of biological diversity and enhancement of ecological values

  • Mainstreaming
    1. 1. Strengthening the formation to execute biodiversity policies
    2. 2. Raising public awareness and participation
    3. 3. Expanding the budget
  • Strengthening
    1. 4. Protection and management of wildlife
    2. 5. Protecting species of major importance
    3. 6. Expansion and efficient management of protected areas
    4. 7. Conservation of genetic diversity
  • Reducing
    threats to
    1. 8. Safeguard for IAS and LMOs
    2. 9. Biodiversity conservation system in response to climate change
    3. 10. Biodiversity evaluation and restoring efforts
  • Sustainable
    use of
    1. 11. Biodiversity for agriculture, fishery and forest
    2. 12. Traditional knowledge on biological resources
    3. 13. Optimizing ecosystem services
  • Research and
    mechanism of
    1. 14. Evaluating and monitoring biodiversity
    2. 15. Capacity building in biodiversity management
    3. 16. Mechanism for the access and benefit sharing of genetic resource
  • International
    collaboration on
    1. 17. Cooperation between South and North
    2. 18. Enhancing international collaboration for biological diversity


Priorities For Action Indicator
Goal and Target 2014 2018
Expand practicing of biodiversity strategy by local government 1 places 8 places
Strengthen biodiversity conservation at the stage of establishing policies Adopting the linkage system between land and environment plan
Raise public awareness of biodiversity 73% 90%
Increase beneficial subsidies on biodiversity Construct secure funding
Expand the management system on wildlife in zoo/botanical gardens Revising laws related to zoo/botanical garden
Strengthen public's compensatory damages caused by wild animal Subsidiary compensation for the damage by wild animals
Expand wild animal rescue center 12 16
Prepare the foundation of research on wild animal diseases Promoting 'National wild animal health research institute'
Implement surveys on the distribution of endangered species Triennially Annually
Publish Red List of Korea 7 publications 12 publications
Expand propagation and conservation of endangered species in Korea Founding national restoration center of endangered species
Control import and export of globally endangered species (CITES) Publishing manuals for species identification
Examine the ratio of endemic species' in Korea 5.2% 7%
Expand 'endemic plants conservation institute' 3 places 10 places
Modify the management system on natural heritage Enacting Natural heritage act
Expand the coverage of protected areas and conservation programs 17% for lands and inland waters (by 2020)
Construct phylogenetic tree's for species of particular importance in Korea 3,000 species 6,600 species
Collect and register agricultural plant genetic resources. 2,000 10,000
Reducing treats
to biodicersity
Expand the designation of alien species disturbing ecosystem 24 species 100 species
Prepare supplementary protocol on liability and redress Implementation of supplementary protocol
Develop DNA analysis technique to distinguish imported LMOs. 33 cases 60 cases
Expand designation and eradication of pest of prior concern 40 species 100 species
Predict change in species vulnerable to climate change 40 species 90 species
Develop new cultivars adaptable to climate change (major crops) - 27
Establish national arboretums for various climates and vegetation zones 5sites
Develop national environmental map demo project completion of development
Promote restoration of fragmented areas in core ecological belts in Beakdudeagan construction of 50 ecological pathways
Promote restoration of demaged areas of 'Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)' Restore 100 ha/year
Sustainable use
of ecosystem
Increase biodiversity in organic agriculture lands 365 2,000
Acquire useful forest plant resources 50% 60%
Expand investigation and research of traditional knowledge on native species 250 cases 600 cases
Build DB of traditional knowledge - Construction of DB
Expand the designation of eco-tourism areas 7 places 30 places
Restoring forests in traditional towns 59 places 117 places
Expand eco-sharing project for vulnerable class of society 38,000 160,000
Research and
mechanism of
Construct list of species of Korea 41,483 50,000
Collect biological specimens 2.80mi 3.54mi
Revise ecological zoning maps 398 794
Expand KBIF (Korean Biodiversity Information Facility) network 46 organizations 50 organizations
Increase biodiversity research institutes 3 6 in operation
Complete implementation and ratification system of the Nagoya protocol Legislation and its implementation
Expand registration of genetic resource for national management 65,000 85,000
Expand designation of biolgical resources for the permission export 1,971 species 4,300 species
International collaboration
on biological
Promote monitoring current status and changes in ecosystems of DMZ areas Promoting annual research
Hosting COP 12 Pyeongchang roadmap to implement global target
Expand funds to developing countries Increasing the amount in two times of the annual average of 2006-2010

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